ICC eyes completion of Libya war crimes probe by end of next year

The International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor, Karim Khan, has announced plans to conclude the investigation phase into war crimes committed in Libya since 2011 by the end of 2025.

Presenting a report to the UN Security Council, Khan highlighted “strong progress” in the past 18 months, attributed mainly to increased cooperation from Libyan authorities.

He emphasized the focus on fulfilling expectations of both the UN Security Council and the Libyan people.

Khan detailed his team’s efforts, including 18 missions across three Libyan regions in the last six months, gathering over 800 pieces of evidence, including video and audio recordings.

He called announcing the completion timeline a “landmark moment.”

Acknowledging the challenges, Khan stressed the need for continued cooperation, transparency, and a “can-do” attitude from both the ICC and Libyan authorities.

Ideally, this would lead to the execution of arrest warrants and initial court proceedings for at least one case by the end of 2025.

The UN Security Council referred the Libyan situation to the ICC in 2011, following a violent crackdown on anti-government protests.

The subsequent investigation resulted in three cases related to war crimes and crimes against humanity, although some were abandoned due to suspect deaths.

An arrest warrant remains outstanding for Seif al-Islam Kadhafi, son of the slain Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, who died during the 2011 rebellion.

Libya has since been embroiled in internal conflict, with rival administrations in Tripoli (UN-recognized) and the eastern part of the country.

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